Egg Substitutes for Cooking and Baking

Egg Substitutes for Cooking and Baking

Avoiding or leaving out eggs doesn’t mean sacrificing the flavor of your favorite foods. There are many options for egg substitutes for cooking and baking.

Whether an allergy or sensitivity necessitates that you substitute eggs, or you made the choice to avoid them as a vegan, you simply ran out or are trying to cut costs – you can find a suitable egg substitute for your needs. But the most important consideration is: how is the egg being used in the recipe?

Eggs are used to provide moisture, to bind a recipe together, or even to make a recipe rise. Sometimes you need only the white or only the yolk. Some recipes really don’t need eggs at all as long as you replace the moisture with something else, for example in a pancake recipe.

Some egg substitutes may change the taste or texture of your recipe, so you will want to choose from these options one that will compliment the other ingredients or not be noticed. So have a little fun experimenting with egg substitutes for cooking and baking to find what works for your family and your favorite recipes.

*Note each substitution below equals one egg. 

Egg Substitutes for Moisture

This is the easiest substitution and used most often in baked goods such as cookies, muffins, and quick loaves of bread. The pancake recipe given above would be another example. Sometimes you can simply add just a little more of the liquids already in the recipe and leave out the egg altogether.

  • 1/4 cup mashed banana, pumpkin puree or sweet potato
  • 3 tablespoons applesauce (or pear sauce, apple butter, apricot puree or pureed prunes) plus one more tablespoon liquid (water or another liquid called for by the recipe)

Egg Substitutes for Binding

This substitution is sometimes used in baking, but mainly in recipes where the egg helps hold together other ingredients such as meatballs or a meatloaf. The “flax egg” recipe is one of the most common egg substitutes.

  • “Flax egg” – Mix 1 Tablespoon ground flax seed with 3 Tablespoons hot water. Set aside for a few minutes until the mixture thickens. It should be as thick and sticky as an egg white. (If it isn’t thickening, you can heat it until it does so, and then cool and add to your recipe.) You can make a larger batch and store in the refrigerator in a covered container up to 2 weeks. Just keep the 1:3 ratio. Measure out 3 1/2 Tablespoons “flax egg” for each egg needed. Note that a flax egg only replaces the binding property of an egg, so if you are using it in baking recipes that need to rise, add 1/4 teaspoon extra baking powder to provide the leavening needed. 
  • Chia seed – Use the same as flax seed.
  • Oil and water – Combine 1 1/2 tablespoons oil, 1 1/2 tablespoons water, and 1 teaspoon baking powder
  • Gelatin – Sprinkle the contents of a packet of unflavored gelatin over 1 cup of cold water. When the gelatin absorbs water, heat over medium heat until the gelatin completely dissolves. Allow mixture to cool. Use 3 Tablespoons to replace one egg. (Note that gelatin is not a suitable vegetarian substitute.)

Egg Substitutes for Leavening

Eggs give texture and provide lift, especially in baking. Egg-free baked goods tend to be a bit dense and heavy, but there are several things you can do to lighten them up.

  • Coconut milk + baking powder – Add 2 tablespoons plus 2 teaspoons canned coconut milk (NOT light) and 1 teaspoon baking powder to your recipe.
  • Ener-G egg replacer – Whisk together 1 packed tablespoon of powder and 2 tablespoons warm water until frothy.
  • Carbonated water – Replace part or all of the liquid with carbonated water. Do not over mix after adding in order to retain the carbonation’s effect.
  • Cider vinegar + baking soda – This is an old WWII-era trick! Substitute 1 tablespoon cider vinegar and 1 teaspoon baking soda for eggs in cakes, cupcakes, and quick loaves of bread.


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Looking for More Help Avoiding Eggs?

Egg Free Meal Plans Vegan Mini Meal Plans

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Pack Allergy Friendly School Lunches 25 Gluten Free Kid Friendly Recipes



Join the discussion
  1. Very useful tips. This info was a must have for me today, I had no eggs but a recipe plan. Now I have a quick fix, thank you.

  2. Thanks for this, I found out I am allergic to eggs. It really bummed me out that I had to stop eating some of my favorite things, now I can make them again.

        1. That’s Just For the One’s That Don’t Have An Egg On Hand, Not the Ohe’s That’s Tryin to Avoid Egg All ToGether.

        2. Mostly egg allergies are to the albumen (white) not the yolk. Mayo generally uses the yolk not the white I think so should be ok for most allergy sufferers. Disclaimer… might want to check this to be certain however.

      1. There is a product in the states you can buy, it is called Just Mayo. There are no eggs in it at all. It is very good, no after taste. I have used it many times, and no one has ever noticed the difference. Best product ever. I had purchased it at Meijer.

    1. I personally have not used applesauce as a substitute but I think it would work wonderfully! You’ll never know until you try 🙂

    2. I’ve done the 1/3 cup applesauce per egg for boxed brownie mix. They turn out even better than with eggs, in my opinion. They’re super moist. I assume it would be similar for the box cake mix, maybe just a little more dense. Best of luck! 🙂

      1. You use 1/3 cup applessauce for every egg and soda (like Sprite) 1:1 in place of your water. The applesauce gives the binding and moisute missed by the egg. The soda gives the rise. It does take a little longer to cook because of the extra moisture, but it is fantastic!

    3. I use Flax Seed. 1 tbsp of flax seed mixed with 3 tbsp of water. (for 1 egg). Mix and let stand for 5 min and ready to add to cake mix. Doesn’t alter the taste at all. Cakes turn out delicious.

  3. I just started making salmon cakes and realized I have no egg. Thankfully I found this article with Google’s help and I’m going to try chia seed egg as a substitute.

    1. I also just made salmon cakes; however, I vied for the baking powder substitute. I used a tablespoon of the mixture and am sad to report it does leave a distinct baking powder after taste. Perhaps in meatloaf or meat ball, where stronger flavors would be present, this substitution would have worked better. For salmon cakes, however, baking powder is simply too strong a flavor.

  4. All very helpful! Due to allergies I can use egg yolk but not white, which doesn’t seem to work in recipes with coconut or almond flour. Can I us the yolk with any of your suggestions?

    Thank You

    1. These are substitutes for the entire egg so you wouldn’t want to still use the yolk. I hope that makes sense!

  5. Looking for an answer to a question: when making an omelette, in a muffin pan, using egg whites, they are always watery and I have to squeeze the excess liquid. What should I do?

    1. Bummer! You might be able to combat it a bit by not thawing it and simply reheating in the microwave from frozen. Hope that helps!

  6. My dog seems to have an intolerance to chicken and grains so I’m now making his dog cookies. I used this to figure out how to the remove eggs from a gluten free dog cookie recipe to ensure longer/fresher storage. It worked great! Thanks so much!

    1. can i know the taste? for example im going to do chocolate muffin and want to use banana as a substitute for egg, so will the muffin taste banana?

      1. Hi Yonn, When you’re using any fruit substitutes, the flavor of the fruit will come through in the dessert, especially with banana. You can also expect the dessert to be a little more dense/heavy in texture with the substitute. Pumpkin is a little more milder in flavor. You could also try unsweetened applesauce as well for a milder taste. I hope this helps!

        1. oh i see. so if i make the chocolate muffin and use pumpkin as a substitute for egg it is more better than banana right? and it will still taste pumpkin? is the muffin become lighter? can you tell me whats going to happen to my muffin? is the muffin will rise without egg? if you dont mind, can you share with me a little bit of your experience? i hope you can help me because im doing assignment on this topic ;physical properties of muffin by using pumpkin puree as a substitution of egg.


  7. There’s a drink in Vietnam called egg coffee ( Ca Phe Trung) that is so delicious. It’s made by brewing small cup of Vietnamese coffee (espresso size) and then whisking an egg yolk and condensed milk together until it’s extremely frothy. It’s then spooned over the coffee. What should I use to replace the egg yolk? I was thinking maybe aquafaba but I’m not sure If I’d get the richness like an egg yolk. Any help??

  8. When adding 1/4 teaspoon of baking powder for the flax egg to get the recipe to rise, does the 1/4 teaspoon work for 1 egg in the recipe or the whole recipe?

      1. I’ve cooked a lot of peanut butter cookie recipes with eggs in them – often used as a binder. So I think it’s a great question! Do you have a peanut butter cookie that you’d like to share? Thanks!

  9. Dear Once a month meals!
    Thank you very very veryyyyyy much for putting this together.
    It can help avoid a lot of wasteful experimentation and waste of time.

    I see there there is no clear mapping of yolk vs. white where as there is a mapping of purpose – leavening, binding and moistening.

    Can you please also help with that.
    What would substitute exactly yolk of 1 egg, and similarly what would substitute white of 1 egg?

    Thank you!

    1. Unfortunately we don’t have a list of substitutions for just egg yolk or egg white, so we can’t say for sure. If you are able to find out, please let us know!

    2. Besides a web search, you may want to consider The Complete Guide to Vegan Food Substitution… (Paperback) by Celine Steen and Joni Marie Newman. I know it lists for one egg white sub, plus it may help you figure out your own sub for one yolk.

    3. Hi Lakshmi-
      I use Bobs Red Mill Egg Replacer – for one yolk it’s 1&1/2tsp replacer mixed with 1TBSP water; for the white only it’s same amount of replacer but mixed with 2TBSP water. For a whole egg, 1TBSP egg replacer mixed with 2 TBSP water. Directions are on bag. However I find this does not seem to work so well when baking gluten free bread, even with flour that already has xantham gum. That’s why I’m here reading this great article! Hope this helps you. And thanks Once A Month Meals – most informative article I’ve ever seen on this topic!

    1. Ive used flax replacement before but you can also use avacodo
      Both turn out great.
      I use the pumpkin for bread and pancakes with choc , very delicious
      And if its used in small amounts the taste doesnt overpower the chocolate at all
      However ive found banana always overpowersthe taste.
      Applesauce unsweetened is good for breads too but i don’t think its so good with choc cake
      My go to is the flax because its just so versatile

  10. Hi there I just used your substitutes for egg in some sugar, dairy, egg and gluten free banana muffins!! (So many substitutions). Anyway, I usually use an egg replacer but today tried both the apple cider vinegar/bi carb for rising ( I loved the WWII reference btw) and then also added a good dollop of the chia mixture. They were so light compared to what I usually get with the egg replacer I’m really impressed. Thanks for listing all of this information.

    1. Can you please post that recipe of yours? “sugar, dairy, egg and gluten free banana muffins” then you added ACV and baking soda plus chia. That would be greatly appreciated!

  11. When I substitute eggs for cider vinegar and baking soda do I use 1 tablespoon and 1 teaspoon to substitute all my eggs or for every egg. My recipe calls for three eggs.

    1. The measurements listed are for one egg, so you would need to multiply the measurements by 3 to replace your 3 eggs.

  12. If my recipe needs egg for both rising and binding, does using just one replacement from an area – like only using cider vinger with baking soda – work? Or do I need to use something from both the areas?

    1. You should be able to use just one substitute, but some may work better than others depending on the specific recipe.

  13. Thank you for posting this! I like that you separated the options into the different uses for eggs. I was looking for a replacement specifically as a binding agent, so this is really helpful.

    I was reading through some of the comments, and I notice that your answers are really friendly and informative, including when the questions seem a little bit rude (like “why on EARTH would anybody…?” and you just reply “well sometimes people use it for XYZ.”) So not only was this article helpful, but it also made me happy to see such a positive response to some grumpy-Gus-type people. 🙂

    Right now people are avoiding going to the stores if they don’t have to, so I appreciated the substitutions that included “because you don’t have any eggs on hand” rather than “because you are specifically avoiding eggs.” I hope you are staying safe, sane, and healthy!

    1. Thanks so much for your kind comments! We try our hardest to keep our site positive as well as helpful! These are tough times so kindness really goes a long way! Have a wonderful day!

  14. Thank you for the very useful and informative list. I ran out of eggs but really fancied a chocolate cake (can you blame me ;)) so I used recipe that called for ac vinegar and bicarb of soda. I was VERY sceptical but it turned amazing, even softer, lighter and more moist than with eggs! So that particular substitute really works well and doesn’t impart the delicate flavour of the cake at all.

  15. I am trying to make a s’mores cookie recipe that requires you to refrigerate the dough for at least 1 hour (but preferably overnight) in order to keep the marshmallows from disintegrating in the baking process. I know many egg substitutes work with the idea of a chemical reaction, but not sure that will be successful with resting dough. Recipe calls for one egg and one egg yolk. Any suggestions?

    1. Unfortunately, that is one of the downfalls of using substitutes – it sometimes takes a bit of playing around to find what works best in your specific recipe! Report back to us with what you used!

  16. this is really useful thank you!
    just wondering what the best substitute would be for blondies/brownies?
    i am sick of every recipe using flax egg when i’ve got plenty apple sauce and coconut oil to use currently!

    1. Hello! Typically in brownies the egg is used as a binder. Your applesauce would be a great egg replacer in the brownies! Typically you can use 1/4 cup of the applesauce in place of 1 egg.

  17. I desire to know if a flax or chia egg will solidify during cooking as a chicken egg will? What we have here to deal is crab croquettes.

    1. The chia seeds method won’t stiffen like a typical egg- the flax seed would be a better replacement for your recipe.

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